Fair	trial	/	right	to	have	one’s	cause	heard	–	article	7	
Right	to	be	tried	within	a	reasonable	time		

The Court has reiterated ‘the importance of a speedy judicial process, especially in criminal
matters’ (Wilfred Onyango Nganyi & 9 others v Tanzania v The United Republic of Tanzania,
application 006/2013, judgment, 18 March 2016, para 127: African Commission on Human
and Peoples’ Rights v Libya, Merits, Application 002/2013, 3 June 2016, para 91). What
amounts to a reasonable time should be determined on a case by case basis taking into
account the complexity of the case, the conduct of the applicant and the conduct of the
domestic judicial authorities: ‘there is no standard period that is considered “as reasonable”
for a court to dispose of the matter’ (Onyango para 135-154). Delay caused by the lack of due
diligence by national authorities would amount to a violation of the right to be tried within a
reasonable time (para 155).	

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