Disparaging and insulting language – article 56(3)
A language or remark is insulting or disparaging if it ‘is used in a manner calculated to
pollute the minds of the public or any reasonable man to cast aspersions on and weaken
public confidence’ in state institutions (Actions Pour la Protection des Droit de L’homme
(APDH) v The Republic of Cote D’Ivoire, application 001/2014, Judgement, 18 November
2016, para 82).
Error in identifying a respondent does not amount to disparaging and insulting language
unless it is intended to undermine the dignity, reputation or integrity of the respondent state.
The language must be aimed at undermining the integrity and status of the institution and
bring it into disrepute, or be used in bad faith (Lohé Issa Konaté v Burkina Faso, application
004/2013, judgment, 5 December 2014, paras 64-73).